The SENDER project is proud to announce the release of a new publication on the prediction of total and thermal loads in residential communities using probabilistic methods and causal machine learning, written by Luca Massidda and Marrocu Marino from CRS4 (Center for Advanced Studies, Research and Development in Sardinia), a partner in the SENDER project !


Indoor heating and cooling systems largely influence the power demand of residential buildings and can play a significant role in the Demand Side Management for energy communities. We propose a novel method for probabilistic forecasting of the total load of a residential community and its base and thermal components, combining conformalized quantile regression and causal machine learning techniques, using only aggregate consumption and environmental conditions data. We applied the proposed methods to the dataset of a residential community in Germany, which includes separate measurements of the total electricity demand and of domestic heating system consumption. The results show that the proposed method produces probabilistic day-ahead hourly forecasts of total energy demand that outperform benchmarks and forecasts of electricity consumption components that are not only more accurate than benchmarks but also close to the accuracy achievable with models trained directly on individual load component data. The T-learner method resulted the most effective among the causal methods for load disaggregation in terms of accuracy, simplicity, and potential for extension.

About the authors

Luca Massidda

Group leader of the Smart Energy Systems team at CRS4
– HPC for Energy and Environment


Marino Marrocu

Senior researcher
Head of the Environmental Sciences branch of the Energy & Environment program at CRS4

– HPC for Energy and Environment